Peter A. Newman

Title(s): 
Professor; Faculty Associate, Joint Centre for Bioethics; SSWR Inaugural Fellow; Officer, VOICES-Thailand Foundation; Ph.D., Social Work & Social Psychology, University of Michigan; M.S., Social Psychology, University of Michigan; M.S.W., Hunter College, City University of New York; B.A., Psychology, Cornell University
Email: 
Phone Number: 
(416) 946-8611
Office Location: 
Research Interests: 
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Global Health
  • New HIV Prevention Technologies
  • Community Engagement
  • LGBTQ Health & Human Rights
  • Vaccines for Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Mixed Methods Research
  • Community-based Research
  • Discrete Choice Methods
  • Training of Global Health Researchers
On the Road to Masi from Peter A Newman Community engagement in HIV vaccine research in South Africa.
Biography: 

Peter A. Newman is a national and international leader in HIV and AIDS social research, and global health. Dr. Newman has particular expertise in the social, behavioral and ethical challenges of biomedical HIV prevention trials and the acceptability of new prevention technologies. He was awarded a Canada Research Chair in Health and Social Justice (2007 – 2017) and received the Early Researcher Award from the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation (2007 – 2011). He was recognized as an inaugural fellow of the Society for Social Work and Research in 2014 .

Dr. Newman has received substantial external funding for his global research program on HIV prevention and human rights, with a focus on marginalized populations. His research includes ongoing collaborations with community organizations serving gay and other men who have sex with men, trans women, male and female sex workers, and youth in India, Thailand and South Africa. As Principal Investigator of the CIHR Team in Social and Behavioral Research on HIV Vaccines (2012-2017), he led research and training collaborations in four countries; in addition to numerous publications, the team produced five professional videos to support knowledge mobilization. Dr. Newman’s work also addresses the social ecology of bullying victimization of LGBTQ youth. He has served on the U.S. National Institute of Health’s (NIH) expert review panel for the AIDS International Training and Research Program; Behavioral Science Working Groups of the NIH Division of AIDS, and NIAID; the CIHR and Public Health Agency of Canada’s Canadian HIV Vaccine Initiative; and the International AIDS Society’s “Towards an HIV Cure” initiative.

Dr. Newman’s teaching interests include qualitative and mixed methods research, writing for scholarly publication, structural interventions, and sexuality. His practice experience includes over two decades in HIV services and ongoing research consultation and training in North America and South and Southeast Asia.

Publications In Refereed Journals: 
1. Newman, P. A. Newman, P. A., Logie, C. H., Lacombe-Duncan, A., Baiden, P., Tepjan, S., Rubincam, C., Doukas, N., & Asey, A. F. (2018). Parents’ uptake of human papillomavirus vaccines for their children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. BMJ Open. [In press].
2. Lacombe-Duncan, A., Newman, P. A., Baiden, P., Tepjan, S., Rubincam, C., Doukas, N., & Asey, A. F. (2018). Human papillomavirus vaccine acceptability and decision-making among adolescent boys and parents: A meta-ethnography of qualitative studies. Vaccine. [In press].
3. Logie, C., Stern, E., Newman, P. A., Mabuza, X., Mothopeng, T., Nhlengethwa, W., Ranotsi, A., Este, D. & Baral, S. (2018). Exploring the potential of participatory theatre to reduce stigma and promote health equity for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in Swaziland and Lesotho. Health Education & Behavior. [In press].
4. Logie, C. H., Lacombe-Duncan, A., Baral, S., Jones, N., Wang, Y.,… Newman, P. A. (2018). Social-ecological factors associated with selling sex among men who have sex with men in Jamaica: Results from a cross-sectional tablet-based survey. Global Health Action. [In press].
5. Atujuna, M., Newman, P. A. Wallace, M., Eluhu, M., Rubincam, C., Brown, B., & Bekker, L-G. (2018). Contexts of Vulnerability and the Acceptability of New Biomedical HIV Prevention Technologies among Key Populations in South Africa: A Qualitative Study. PLoS One, 13(2):e0191251
6. Hassan N. R., Swartz, L., Kagee, A., De Wet, A., Lesch, A., Kafaar, Z., & Newman, P. A., (2018). “There is not a safe space where they can find themselves to be free”: (Un)safe spaces and the promotion of queer visibilities among township males who have sex with males (MSM) in Cape Town, South Africa. Health & Place, 49, 93–100.
7. Kagee, A., De Wet, A., Kafaar, Z., Lesch, A., Swartz, L., & Newman, P. A., (2017). Caveats and pitfalls associated with researching community engagement in the context of HIV vaccine trials. Journal of Health Psychology. [Published online ahead of print].
8. Newman, P. A., Fantus, S., Woodford, M. R., & Rwigema, M-J. (2017). “Pray that God will change you”: The religious social ecology of bias-based bullying targeting sexual and gender minority youth—A qualitative study of service providers and educators. Journal of Adolescent Research. [Published online ahead of print]
9. Chakrapani, V., Vijin, P.P., Logie, C. H., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Sivasubramanian, & M., Samuel, M. (2017). Assessment of a ‘transgender identity stigma’ scale among trans women in India: Findings from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. International Journal of Transgenderism. [Published online ahead of print]
10. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Mengle, S., Nelson, R., Rubincam, C., & Kumar, P. (2017). “Like holding an umbrella before it rains”: Acceptability of future rectal microbicides among men who have sex with men in India—A modified technology acceptance model. Qualitative Health Research. [Published online ahead of print]
11. Chakrapani, V., Vijin, P. P., Logie, C. H., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Sivasubramanian, M., & Samuel, M. (2017). Understanding how sexual and gender minority stigmas influence depression among trans women and men who have sex with men in India. LGBT Health, 4(3), 217-226.
12. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Logie, C. H., & Samuel, M. (2017). Syndemics of depression, alcohol use and victimization, and their association with HIV-related sexual risk among men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender people in India. Global Public Health, 12(2), 250-265.
13. Slack, C., Thabethe, S., Lindegger, G., Matandika, L., Newman, P. A., Kerr, P., et al. (2016). ‘I’ve gone through this my own self, so I practice what I preach’…: Strategies to enhance understanding and other valued outcomes in HIV vaccine trials in South Africa. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. 11(4), 322-333.
14. Newman, P. A., Cameron, M. P., Roungprakhon, S., Tepjan, S., & Scarpa, R. (2015). Acceptability and preferences for hypothetical rectal microbicides among a community sample of young men who have sex with men and transgender women in Thailand: A discrete choice experiment. AIDS and Behavior 20(11), 2588-2601
15. Guta, A., & Newman, P. A., (2016). Of HIV, kings and cures: Troubling the apocryphal apothecary. American Journal of Bioethics, 16(10), 25-27.
16. Logie, C. H., Lacombe-Duncan, A., Wang, Y., Jones, N., Levermore, K., & Newman, P. A. (2016). Prevalence and correlates of HIV infection and HIV testing among transgender women in Jamaica. AIDS Patient Care & STDs, 30(9), 416–424.
17. 11. Logie, C. H., Lee-Foon, N., Jones, N., Mena, K., Levermore, K., Newman, P. A. et al. (2016). Exploring lived experiences of violence and coping among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth in Kingston, Jamaica. International Journal of Sexual Health, 28(4), 343–353.
18. Deeks, S. G., Lewin, S. R., Ross, A. L., Ananworanich, J., Benkirane, M., … Newman, P. A. & the International Science Working Group. (2016). International AIDS Society global scientific strategy: Towards an HIV cure 2016. Nature Medicine, 22(8), 1-12.
19. Woodford, M. R., Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M. (2015). Barriers and facilitators to voluntary HIV testing uptake among communities at high risk of HIV exposure in Chennai, India. Global Public Health. 11(3), 363-379.
20. Rubincam, C., Lacombe-Duncan, A., & Newman, P. A. (2016). Taking culture seriously in biomedical HIV prevention trials: a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies. Expert Review of Vaccines 15(3), 331-347.
21. Logie, C., Newman, P. A., Weaver, J., Roungprakhon, S., & Tepjan, S. (2015). HIV-related stigma and HIV prevention uptake among young men who have sex with men and transgender women in Thailand. AIDS Patient Care and STDs 30(2), 92–100.
22. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Mengle, S., Verghese, J., Nelson, R., & Bharat, S. (2015). Acceptability of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and implementation challenges among men who have sex with men in India: a qualitative investigation. AIDS Patient Care & STDs. 29(10), 569–577.
23. Brennan, D. J., Souleymanov, R., George, C., Newman, P. A., Hart, T. A., Asakura, K., & Betancourt, G. (2015). Masculinity, muscularity and HIV sexual risk among gay and bisexual men of color. Psychology of Men and Masculinity. 16(4), 393-403.
24. Newman, P. A., Rubincam, C., Slack, C., Essack, Z., Chakrapani, V., Chuang, D-M., Tepjan, S., Shunmugam, M., Roungprakhon, S., Logie, C., Koen, J., & Lindegger, G. (2015). Towards a science of community stakeholder engagement in biomedical HIV prevention trials: An embedded four-country case study. PLoS One. 10(8), e0135937.
25. Lacombe-Duncan, A. & Newman, P. A. (2015). HPV vaccination for boys and young men: Addressing misconceptions and expanding uptake. Inside Patient Care, 3(6), Immunization.
26. Rautenbach, C., Lindegger, G., Slack, C., Wallace, M., & Newman, P. A. (2015). I’m positive, but I’m negative: competing voices in informed consent and implications for HIV vaccine trials. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 10(2), 151–156.
27. Chakrapani, V., Shunmugam, M., Newman, P. A., Kershaw, T., & Dubrow, R. (2015). HIV status disclosure and condom use among HIV-positive men who have sex with men and hijras (male-to-female transgender people) in India: Implications for prevention. Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services, 14(1), 26–44.
28. Newman, P. A., & Fantus, S. (2015). A social ecology of bias-based bullying of sexual and gender minority youth: Towards a conceptualization of conversion bullying. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 27(1), 46–63.
29. Ford, C. L., Lee, S. J., Wallace, S. P., Nakazono, T., Newman, P. A., & Cunningham, W. C. (2015). HIV testing among clients in high HIV prevalence venues: Disparities between older and younger adults. AIDS Care, 27(2), 189–197.
30. Newman, P. A., & Lacombe-Duncan, A. (2014). Human papillomavirus vaccination for men: Advancing policy and practice. Future Virology, 9(12), 1033–1047.
31. Newman, P. A., & Rubincam, C. (2014). Advancing community stakeholder engagement in biomedical HIV prevention trials: Principles, practices and evidence. Expert Review of Vaccines, 13(12), 1553–1562.
32. Newman, P. A., Chakrapani, V., Weaver, J., Shunmugam, M., & Rubincam, C. (2014). Willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among men who have sex with men in Chennai and Mumbai, India. Vaccine, 32(44), 5854–5861.
33. Lee, S. J., Newman, P. A., Duan, N., & Cunningham, W. E. (2014). Development of an HIV vaccine attitudes scale to predict HIV vaccine acceptability among vulnerable populations: L.A. VOICES. Vaccine, 32(39), 5013-5018.
34. Chakrapani, V., Velayudham, J., Shunmugam, M., Newman, P. A., & Dubrow, R. (2014). Barriers to antiretroviral treatment access for injecting drug users living with HIV in Chennai, South India. AIDS Care, 26(7), 835–41.
35. Logie, C. H., Daniel, C., Newman, P. A., Weaver, J., & Loutfy, M. (2014). A psycho-educational HIV/STI prevention intervention for internally displaced women in Leogane, Haiti: results from a non-randomized cohort pilot study. PLoS One, 9(2), e89836.
36. Newman, P. A., Lee, S. J., Rudy, E. T., Diamant, A., Duan, N., Nakazano, T., & Cunningham, W. E. (2014). Endorsement of compulsory HIV vaccination policy among populations at high risk of HIV exposure (LAVOICES). Prevention Science, 15(3), 428–435.
37. Ford, C. L., Wallace, S., Newman, P. A., Lee, S. J., & Cunningham, W. E. (2013). Belief in AIDS-related conspiracy theories and mistrust in the government: Relationship with HIV testing among at-risk older adults. The Gerontologist, 53(6), 973–984.
38. Koen, J., Essack, Z., Slack, C., Lindegger, G., & Newman, P. A. (2013). “It looks like you just want them when things get rough”: Civil society perspectives on negative trial results and stakeholder engagement in HIV prevention trials. Developing World Bioethics, 13(3), 138–148.
39. Weaver, J., Newman P. A., Williams, C. C., Massaquoi, N., & Brown, M. (2013). “Sisters, mothers, daughters and aunties”: HIV vaccine acceptability among African, Caribbean and other Black women in Toronto. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 104(5), e413–e417.
40. Newman, P. A., Logie, C., Doukas, N., & Asakura, K. (2013).  HPV vaccine acceptability among men: A systematic review and meta-analysis.   Sexually Transmitted Infections,   89(7), 568–574.
41. Chakrapani, V., Boyce, P., Newman, P. A., & Kavi, A. R. (2013). Contextual influences on condom use among men who have sex with men in India: subjectivities, practices and risks. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 15(8), 938–51.
42. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Singhal, N., Nelson, R., & Shunmugam, M. (2013). “If it’s not working, why would they be testing it?”: Mental models of HIV vaccine trials and preventive misconception among men who have sex with men in India. BMC Public Health, 13, 731.
43. Newman, P. A., Roungprakhon, S., & Tepjan, S. (2013). A social ecology of rectal microbicide acceptability among young men who have sex with men and transgender women in Thailand. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 16, 18476.
44. Cameron, M., Newman, P. A., Roungprakhon, S., & Scarpa, R. (2013). The marginal willingness-to-pay for attributes of a hypothetical HIV vaccine. Vaccine, 31(36), 3712–3717.
45. Brennan, D., Asakura, K., George, C., Newman, P. A., Giwa, S., Hart, T., Souleymon, R., & Betancourt, G. (2013). “Never reflected anywhere”: Body image among ethnoracialized gay and bisexual men. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 10(3), 389–398.
46. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Singhal, N., Jerajani, J., & Shunmugam, M. (2012). Willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials among men who have sex with men in Chennai and Mumbai, India: A social ecological approach. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e51080.
47. Newman, P. A., Roungprakhon, S., Tepjan, S., Yim, S., & Walisser, R. (2012). A social vaccine? Social and structural contexts of HIV vaccine acceptability among most-at-risk populations in Thailand. Global Public Health, 7(9), 1009–1024.
48. Newman, P. A., Lee, S. J., Roungprakhon, S., & Tepjan, S. (2012). Demographic and behavioral correlates of HIV risk among men and transgender women recruited from gay entertainment venues and community-based organizations in Thailand: Implications for HIV prevention. Prevention Science, 13(5), 483–492.
49. Essack, Z., Koen, J., Slack, C., Lindegger, G., & Newman, P. A. (2012). Civil society perspectives on negative biomedical HIV prevention trial results and implications for future trials. AIDS Care, 24(10), 1249–1254.
50. Logie, C., Newman, P. A., Chakrapani, V., & Shunmugam, M. (2012). Adapting the minority stress model: Associations between gender non-conformity stigma, HIV-related stigma and depression among men who have sex with men in south India. Social Science & Medicine, 74(8), 1261–1268.
51. Newman, P. A. (2012). Eight common misconceptions about HIV vaccines that may impede progress in controlling the AIDS epidemic. Future Virology, 7(8), 1–4. [Editorial].
52. Tufford, L., Newman, P. A., Brennan, D. J., Craig, S. L., & Woodford, M. R. (2012). Conducting research with lesbian, gay and bisexual populations: Navigating research ethics board reviews. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services, 24(3), 221–240.
53. Lee, S. J., Newman, P. A., Comulada, W. S., Cunningham, W. E., & Duan, N. (2012). Use of conjoint analysis to assess HIV vaccine acceptability: Feasibility of an innovation in the assessment of consumer health-care preferences. International Journal of STDs & AIDS, 23(4), 235–241.
54. MacPhail, C., Sayles, J., Newman, P. A., & Cunningham, W. (2012). Perceptions of sexual risk compensation following post-trial HIV vaccine uptake among young South Africans. Qualitative Health Research, 22(5), 668–678.
55. Logie, C., Daniel, C., Newman, P. A., & Loutfy, M. (2012). An HIV/STI prevention intervention for internally displaced women in Leogane, Haiti: Study protocol for a N-of-1 pilot study. BMJ Open, 2,e001634.
56. Tufford, L., & Newman, P. A. (2012). Bracketing in qualitative research. Qualitative Social Work, 11(1), 80–96.
57. Newman, P. A. (2012). Integrating social and biomedical science in HIV vaccine research: Obstacles, opportunities and ways forward. Expert Review of Vaccines, 11(1), 1–3. [Editorial].
58. Woodford, M., Newman, P. A., Chakrapani, V., Shunmugam, M., & Kakinami, L. (2012). Correlates of HIV testing uptake among kothi-identified men who have sex with men in Chennai, India. AIDS and Behavior, 16(1), 53–62.
59. Newman, P. A., Woodford, M., & Logie, C. (2012). HIV vaccine acceptability and culturally appropriate dissemination among sexually diverse Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Global Public Health, 7(1), 87–100.
60. Newman, P. A., Logie, C., James, L., Charles, T., Maxwell, J., Salam, K., & Woodford, M. (2011). “Speaking the dialect”: Understanding public discourse in the aftermath of an HIV vaccine trial shutdown. American Journal of Public Health, 101(9), 1749–1758.
61. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., & Dubrow, R. (2011). Barriers to free antiretroviral treatment access among kothi-identified men who have sex with men and aravanis (transgender women) in Chennai, India. AIDS Care, 23(12), 1687–1694.
62. Chakrapani, V., Kershaw, T. S., Shunmugam, M., Newman, P. A., Cornman, D. H., & Dubrow, R. (2011). Prevalence of and barriers to dual contraceptive methods use among married men and women living with HIV in India. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2011, 1–8.
63. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., & Dubrow, R. (2011). Social-structural contexts of needle and syringe sharing behaviours of HIV-positive injecting drug users in Manipur, India: A mixed methods investigation. Harm Reduction Journal, 8,9.
64. Newman, P. A., Yim, S., Daley, A., Walisser, R., Halpenny, R., Cunningham, W., & Loutfy, M. (2011). “Once bitten, twice shy”: Participants perspectives in the aftermath of an early HIV vaccine trial termination. Vaccine, 29(3), 451–458.
65. Newman, P. A., & Logie, C. (2010). HIV vaccine acceptability: A systematic review and meta-analysis. AIDS, 24(11), 1749–1756.
66. Newman, P. A., Roungprakhon, S., Tepjan, S., & Yim, S. (2010). Preventive HIV vaccine acceptability and behavioral risk compensation among high-risk men who have sex with men and transgenders in Thailand. Vaccine, 28(4), 958–964.
67. Newman, P. A. (2010). “It’s not just about marriage; it’s about antidiscrimination”: The California supreme court decision and the future of same-sex marriage in the United States. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 22(1/2), 183–190.
68. Woodford, M., Newman, P. A., Brotman, S., & Ryan, B. (2010). Northern enlightenment: Legal recognition of same-sex marriage in Canada; strengthening social work’s advocacy efforts. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 22(1/2), 191–209.
69. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., & Dubrow, R. (2010). Prevalence and contexts of inconsistent condom use among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in India: Implications for prevention. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 24(1), 49–58.
70. Sayles, J., MacPhail, C., Newman, P. A., & Cunningham, W. (2010). Future HIV vaccine acceptability among young adults in South Africa. Health Education & Behavior, 37(2), 193–210.
71. Newman, P. A., Lee, S. J., Rudy, E., Duan, E., Nakazono, T. K., Boscardin, J., Kakinami, L., Shoptaw, S., Diamant, A., & Cunningham, W. E. (2009). Preventive HIV vaccine acceptability and behavioral risk compensation among a random sample of high-risk adults in Los Angeles (L.A. VOICES). Health Services Research, 44(6), 2167–2179. [PMCID: PMC2796320]
72. Mishna, F., Newman, P. A., Daley, A., & Solomon, S. (2009). Bullying of lesbian and gay youth: A qualitative investigation. British Journal of Social Work, 39(8), 1598–1614.
73. Chakrapani, V., Newman, P. A., Shunmugam, M., Kurian, A. K., & Dubrow, R. (2009). Barriers to free antiretroviral treatment access for female sex workers in Chennai, India. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 23(11), 973–980.
74. Newman, P. A. (2009). Social and behavioral challenges of HIV vaccines: Implications for social work and social science. Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services, 8(3), 313–330.
75. Kinsler, J., Lee, S. J., Sayles, J., Diamant, A., Newman, P. A., & Cunningham, W. (2009). The impact of acculturation on utilization of HIV prevention services, and access to care among an at risk Hispanic population. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 20(4), 996–1011.
76. Newman, P. A., Seiden, D., Roberts, K., & Duan, N. (2009). A small dose of HIV? HIV vaccine mental models and risk communication. Health Education & Behavior, 36(2), 321–333.
77. Newman, P. A., Bogo, M., & Daley, A. D. (2009). Breaking the silence: Sexual orientation in social work field education. Journal of Social Work Education, 45(1), 7–27.
78. Williams, C. C., Newman, P. A., Sakamoto, I., & Massaquoi, N. (2009). HIV prevention risks for Black women in Canada. Social Science & Medicine, 68(1), 12–20.
External Research Grants: 
2017-2021 The ‘Phi-Nong’ Project: Development and Pilot Testing of a Culturally Adapted, High-impact HIV Preventive Intervention with Young Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender Women in Chonburi Province, Thailand (PI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Project Grant
2016-2021 “Soft like Silk, Pliable like Bamboo”: Practicing Resilience-in-Context–A Multi-Method Study of Resilience with Sexual and Gender Minority Youth in Thailand (PI). Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, Insight Grant
2011-2017 CHVI Team in Social and Behavioral Research on HIV Vaccines.  (PI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research,
Team Grant: HIV/AIDS Vaccine Discovery and Social Research
2012-2014 Mobile Computer-Assisted Survey Research Laboratory for HIV Vaccine Implementation Science.  (PI). Canada
Foundation for Innovation, Leaders Opportunity Fund
2012-2014 Mobile Computer-Assisted Survey Research Laboratory for HIV Vaccine Implementation Science (PI). Ontario
Research Fund for Small Infrastructure Funds
2011-2013 Advancing New Prevention Technologies for HIV: Rectal Microbicide Acceptability among Men who have Sex with Men and Transgenders in Thailand.  (PI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute of Infection and Immunity,
2010-2013 Community Engagement in HIV Vaccine Research: Advancing HIV Vaccine Trial Preparedness among Men who have Sex with Men in India.  (PI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research